Model Indicators and Evaluation Criteria of Strength Readiness of Highly Qualified Arm-Wrestlers

Dmytro Bezkorovainyi, Oleg Kamayev, Igor Mazurenko, Volodymir Gradusov, Iryna Zvyagintseva, Leonid Plotnytskyi

Abstract

In the arm-wrestling technique, the main element is the attack phase, which aims to achieve a quick superiority over the enemy. Researchers Zhivora and Usanov classified four main attack methods: top attack, hook attack, push attack, and side attack. During a side attack, a great deal of stress is placed on the flexors of the hand. In connection with this, four strength exercises were selected as test indicators: flexion of the fingers, stretch with a hammer, hook and bending of the hand. These exercises were chosen to determine the level of strength readiness of highly qualified arm-wrestlers. The work aimed to determine the model indicators of strength readiness of highly qualified arm-wrestlers of different weight categories. The study involved 24 arm-wrestlers, 8 in the weight category up to 80 kg, 8 – from 80 to 100 kg and 8 – over 100 kg. Three test athletes are world champions in arm-wrestling, 7 are winners of European and world championships, 9 are participants in European and world championships, 5 are winners of national championships of Ukraine. The following research methods were used in work: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific, methodological and notable information, pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics. The analysis of the strength capabilities of highly qualified arm-wrestlers and their strength readiness models made it possible to develop assessment criteria for the level of strength readiness of highly qualified arm-wrestlers of three weight categories. Three levels of strength readiness have been identified: low (  - σ), high (  + σ) and medium – more (  - σ), but less (  + σ).

The conducted research allowed to establish the peculiarities of the levels of strength readiness development among highly qualified arm-wrestlers by weight categories. Model indicators of strength readiness of highly qualified arm-wrestlers were also determined. The analysis made it possible to state that athletes of lightweight categories (up to 80 kg and 80-100 kg) are more harmoniously developed according to the test results. Heavy arm-wrestlers (over 100 kg) showed worse results than expected.



Keywords


arm-wrestling; model characteristics; weight categories; power indicators

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References


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Copyright (c) 2021 Oleg Kamayev, Dmytro Bezkorovainyi, Vyacheslav Mulik, Igor Mazurenko, Volodymir Gradusov, Iryna Zvyagintseva, Leonid Plotnytskyi

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