Forecasting COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Ghana: A Model Selection Approach
This study seeks to determine an appropriate statistical technique for forecasting the cumulated confirm cases of Coronavirus in Ghana. Cumulated daily data spanning from March 12, 2020, to August 04, 2020, was retrieved from the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. Four statistical forecasting techniques: Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average, Artificial Neural Network, Exponential smoothing and Autoregressive Fractional Integrated Moving Average were fitted to the COVID-19 series. Their respective forecast accuracy measures were compared to select the appropriate technique for forecasting the COVID-19 cases. Our findings revealed that the ARFIMA technique was a suitable statistical model for predicting COVID-19 cases in Ghana. The "best" model for forecasting is ARFIMA (2, 0.49, 4) which passed all the needed diagnostic tests. An unequal weight was estimated to derive a combined model for all four forecasting techniques. A 149-cumulated daily forecast from the "best" model and the combined model revealed that the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases would increase slightly until the end of this year.
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