The Establishment and Regulation of the Commercial Security Industry in Kenya and its Constitutionality
The commercial security industry's effective establishment and regulation have been overlooked in many states, including Kenya. The increase of Commercial security firms' involvement in national and transnational business resulted in the United Nations drafting the Convention on the Regulation, Oversight, and Monitoring of Private Military and Security Companies.
This study examines the Commercial Security Industry in Kenya in terms of establishment and regulation, outlining the industry's major issues and challenges. The aim was to demonstrate that laws and practices relating to registration and regulation of the Commercial Security Industry in Kenya are loosely created, weak, and shaky. And up to date, the commercial security industry in Kenya is operating in contravention of the Constitution.
Abrahamsen, R. (2010, July 1). Privatising Africa's Everyday Security. Retrieved from https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/opensecurity/privatising-africas-everyday-security
Boemcken, M. (2011). Commercial Security and Development: Findings from Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru. Retrieved from https://www.bicc.de/uploads/tx_bicctools/brief45.pdf
Daily Nation (2019, December 1). MPs thwart security guards minimum wage bid. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/EagleNewsStreamKe/posts/mps-thwart-security-guards-minimum-wage-bidmps-have-opted-to-deny-500000-securit/2877754558915592/
Hiscock, D (2006). Post-Soviet private security: the commercialisation of security. In M. Caparini, A. Bryden (Eds.), Private actors and security governance (pp. 199-140). Zurich: LIT-Verlag&Co.
Ludlow, A. (2010). Prison Privatisation in Israel: Important Transnational Lessons. Cambridge Student Law Review, 326–329. Retrieved from https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/camslr6&div=30&id=&page=
Maslow, A. (1970). Motivation and personality (2nd ed.). Reading: Addison-Wesley.
Montgomery, R., Griffiths, T. (2015). The Use of Private Security Services for Policing. Retrieved from https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/archive-2015-r041/2015-r041-en.pdf
Mutonyi, G. P., & Sirera, A. (2018). Commercial Security's' Effect on Security of Kenyans in Private Venues. Emerging Science Journal, 2(4). doi: 10.28991/esj-2018-01142
Mutonyi. G. (2016). Private Security Guards' Job Retention Determinants in Kenya. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing.
Lottholz, P., & Lemay-Hébert, N. (2016). Re-reading Weber, re-conceptualising state-building: from neo-Weberian to post-Weberian approaches to state, legitimacy and state-building. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 29(4), 1467–1485. doi: 10.1080/09557571.2016.1230588
Enion, M. R. (2009). Constitutional Limits on Private Policing and the State's Allocation of Force. Duke Law Journal, 59(3), 519-53.
Sommer, H., Seidman, G. (2010). The Unconstitutionality of Privatized Prisons-Lessons Learned from the Israeli Experience. Retrieved from https://www.prisonlegalnews.org/media/publications/interdisciplinary_center_the_unconstitutionality_of_privatized_prisons_israeli_report.pdf
Sparrow, M. (2014). Managing the Boundary Between Public and Private Policing. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/247182.pdf
N. d. (2015, January 8). I have no link to firm guarding courts, says Gladys Shollei. Retrieved from https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2000147064/i-have-no-link-to-firm-guarding-courts-says-gladys-shollei
Strom, K., Berzofsky, M., Shook-Sa, B., Barrick, K., Daye, C., Horstmann, N., & Kinsey, S. (2010). The Private Security Industry: A Review of the Definitions, Available Data Sources, and Paths Moving Forward. Retrieved from http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=254874
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2014). State Regulation concerning Civilian Private Security Services and their Contribution to Crime Prevention and Community Safety. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/documents/justice-and-prison-reform/crimeprevention/Ebook0.pdf
Vroom, V. (1964). Work and motivation. New York: Wiley.National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney General. (2008). The Constitution of Kenya. Retrieved from https://kfcb.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Constitution.pdf
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Gerald Peter Mutonyi, Happi Kilongosi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.