Two-stage Channel Frequency Response Estimation in OFDM Systems

Oleksandr Myronchuk, Oleksandr Shpylka, Serhii Zhuk


This paper proposes two-stage channel frequency response estimation algorithm in communication systems with OFDM technology. Algorithm is based on Kalman filter. Pilots from current and previous OFDM symbols are used for channel estimation. At the first stage data is processed in time and frequency directions. Pilots from the current OFDM symbol are filtered and at the position, where the pilots from the previous OFDM symbols should be placed, predictions are made. Predictions are based on the pilots and channel correlation characteristics. The data processing carried out on both sides relative to the array of processed data in frequency direction and on one side at processing in time direction. The results of processing are optimally combined at the second stage. The autoregressive process was used as a channel model. The analysis of the developed algorithm carried out on a model example by statistical modeling. Modeling showed that application of designed algorithm allows reducing the standard deviation of the estimation error of channel frequency response. The efficiency of designed algorithm studied using Rayleigh channel with Doppler spectrum described by Jakes model. The autocorrelation characteristics of the channel were considered as known. Modeling showed a decrease in the probability of a bit error during reception using the proposed algorithm. It is also shown that an increase in the order of the autoregressive model reduces the error in estimating the frequency response of the communication channel.


OFDM; wireless channel; channel frequency response; channel estimation; autoregressive process; Kalman filter

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