The Strategy of Innovative Development of Economy of Ukraine till 2030
The Strategy of the development of the innovative activity sphere for the period up to 2030 approved by the Government of Ukraine has been analyzed in the article. It was determined that the innovative activity sphere has several disadvantages. The following issues have not been considered: application of tax privileges for the activation of innovative activity of domestic enterprises; implementation of the list of specific innovative projects, which are fully or partially financed from the state budget; direct connection of the state with business and society; mechanism of interaction between universities and domestic enterprises; people responsible for the implementation of the Country Innovation Strategy at the state and local levels have not been assigned; the priority of public procurement of high-tech products from domestic manufacturers has not been established; mechanisms of annual monitoring and control of the stages of strategy implementation have not been defined.
The ways of overcoming these issues have been provided in the article. An algorithm of the implementation of the Innovative Development Strategy of Ukraine until 2030 has been developed and suggested, which will make the state policy in the sphere of innovation activity more systematic and advanced. The suggested algorithm of strategy implementation consists of five main stages: preparatory, computational, organizational, practical implementation and result from analysis. At each of these stages, the functions and responsibilities of each participant in the innovation process are defined: the state, research institutions, local governments, and business structures. The deadlines for the implementation of necessary transformations and practical mechanisms for their realization have been determined. The role of state bodies as the main organizational element of the Strategy development is highlighted.
The algorithm of the realization of the Strategy of Innovative Development of the Ukrainian Economy suggested by the author will ensure the consistent and gradual implementation of the structural elements of the national innovation system, its effective transformation, and further development, since each step of the Strategy is a logical stage of implementing a comprehensive program to ensure the development of innovative relations in the state’s economy.
Belsky, V., & Trigubovich, L. (2017). Problema aktivizacii innovacionnogo razvitija Respubliki Bularus' [The problem of activation of innovative development of the Republic of Belarus]. Economics and national economy management, 5, 116–126 (in Russian)
[Бельский, В., & Тригубович, Л. (2017). Проблема активизации инновационного развития Республики Буларусь. Экономика и управление народным хозяйством, 5, 116–126].
Innovation as a Source of Competitive Advantage in Human Resource Management: Case of Travel Agencies in the UAE. (2018). International Journal of Research in Tourism and Hospitality, 4(2). doi: 10.20431/2455-0043.0402006
Izmaylov, Y., Znotina, D., & Puriy, H. (2017). Strategic priorities of ukraine’s investment and innovation development in modern international economic environment. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 24(5), 39. doi: 10.23856/2405
Jung, J. (2016, December 15). China’s Innovation-Driven Development Strategy and Prospects. Retrieved from https://think-asia.org/bitstream/handle/11540/10758/KIEPopinions_no98.pdf?sequence=3
Kukurudza, I., & Proshchalykina, A. (2011). Innovative activity: the state and role in the economic growth of countries with a transformational economy. Cherkasy: CNU.
Lazyrin, M. (2017). Prepjatstvija na puti innovacionnogo razvitija RF [Obstacles for the innovation development of Russia]. International Research Journal, 1(55), 30–32 (in Russian)
[Лазырин, М. (2017). Препятствия на пути инновационного развития РФ. Международный научно-исследовательский журнал, 1(55),30–32].
Lewandowska, A. (2012). Regional Innovation Strategy as a Management Instrument of Innovation Policy in the Region Poland. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273949395_Regional_Innovation_Strategy_as_a_management_instrument_of_innovation_policy_in_the_region_Poland
Shumilin, A. (2015). O koncepcii gosudarstvennoj programmy innovacionnogo razvitija Respubliki Belarus' na 2016–2020 gg. [About the Concept of the State Program of Innovative Development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020]. News of Science and Technologies, 2(33), 6–15 (in Russian)
[Шумилин, А. (2015). О концепции государственной программы инновационного развития Республики Беларусь на 2016–2020 гг. Новости науки и технологий, 2(33), 6–15].
State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2019). Economic statistics. National accounts. Retrieved December 1, 2019, from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/menu/menu_e/nac_r.htm
Stratehiia rozvytku sfery innovatsiinoi diialnosti na period do 2030 roku [Strategy of development of the sphere of innovative activity for the period till 2030] (Ukraine), 10.07.2019, No 526-p. Retrieved December 1, 2019, from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/526-2019-%D1%80 (in Ukrainian)
[Стратегія розвитку сфери інноваційної діяльності на період до 2030 року (Україна), 10.07.2019, № 526-р. Актуально на 01.12.2019. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/526-2019-%D1%80].
Zabolotko, A. (2013). Stratehyia ynnovatsyonnoho razvytyia [Innovation Strategy]. Journal of Economic Regulation, 4(2), 84–92 (in Russian)
[Заболотько, А. (2013). Стратегия инновационного развития. Вопросы регулирования экономики, 4(2), 84–92].
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Olena Kolishchuk
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.