Production of Ceiling Board from Piliostigma Thonningii using Styrofoam Adhesive as Binder

Ibrahim Shuaibu Muhammad, Usman Aliyu El-Nafaty, Surajudeen Abdusalam

Abstract

The use of synthetic fibres resulted in environmental degradation and the growing interests towards the utilisation of readily available agricultural fibres as a potential replacement for synthetic fibres. This research aims to produce a ceiling board composite from piliostigma thonningii particulate using styrofoam adhesive binder. The board was produced from the readily available materials leading to the low cost of production. The composition has a formulation of fibre/binder mixing ratios (2:1, 1:1, 1:2 w:w), pressures of (100, 300, 500 kg/m2) and temperatures of (30, 65, 100 °C) respectively. The process was successfully modelled and optimized using a Box–Behnken design method. The optimal conditions for the piliostigma thonningii board were found to be fibre/binder mixing ratio of 1:1 w:w, pressure of 500 kg/m2 and temperature of 92 °C yielded response values of density (151.5 kg/m3), water absorption (9.04 %), tensile strength (16.9 N/m2), thermal conductivity (0.11 W/mK). Hence the board has greater insulating properties and good potential to be used as a ceiling board.



Keywords


production; piliostigma thonningii; ceiling board

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Copyright (c) 2019 Ibrahim Shuaibu Muhammad, Usman Aliyu El-Nafaty, Surajudeen Abdusalam

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