Mechanical and Physicochemical Evaluation of Alkaleri Fireclay for Refractory Application

Job Ajala Amkpa, Aaron Edogbo Aye, Friday Enefola Omagu

Abstract

The mechanical, chemical and physical property of Alkaleri fireclay was investigated for its appropriateness for refractory application. The chemical composition was performed and analyzed using the X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer Bench top XRF analyzer technique. Chemical property result indicated that the clay contained 67.4 % silica (SiO2), 30.06 % aluminum (Al2O3), and other impurities. The clay was subjected to mechanical activation through sintering process at varied sintering temperatures of 900 °C, 1000 °C, 1100 °C and 1200 °C. At the best sintering temperature of 1200 °C, the cold crushing strength (CCS) was 17.82 MPa, in the physical properties; apparent porosity was 22.8 %, bulk density was 1.8 g/cm3, and firing shrinkage was 8.9 %. The Alkaleri clay belongs to alumino-silicate fireclay group and therefore, suitable materials for refractory application of ladle, kiln dryer, boilers, cook stoves, furnace lining and bricks. 




Keywords


Fireclay; sintering temperatures; refractory; mechanical; strength

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References


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Copyright (c) 2017 J. A. Amkpa, A. E. Aye, F. E. Omagu

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