Resident’s Satisfaction and Preferences in Housing Provision By Public-Private Partnership and Private Developers in Abuja, Nigeria

Ojeniyi Sulaiman Adekunle, Oluwadare Joel Olaifa, Abubakar Idriss Mohammed, Aisha Ibrahim Biko, Abulrazaq Rukayya


It is well known that housing demands ranked second in the hierarchy of human necessities after food. This study examined inhabitants' choices and satisfaction with housing provided by private developers and public-private partnerships in Abuja. Participants were given questionnaires at the public-private partnership and private developer estates; at the public estate, 300 questionnaires were distributed, of which 227 were retrieved. Of the 24 questionnaires served for the Private Developer development Ologunloye Estate, 11 were retrieved. According to the analysis. T-test analysis was also used to determine the difference between inhabitants' choices and contentment with dwellings provided by the government and PPP in the research area. At 0.06 and 0.011, which is smaller than the 0.05 significance level, the ANOVA findings likewise showed a significant difference in residence satisfaction between public housing estates and PPP. Building a bridge between residents' preferences and their own should be a goal of developers in both the public and private housing sectors. To boost resident appreciation and satisfaction, it would be best if the drainage systems, waste management, and sewage disposal were improved. The survey's findings indicate that respondents' contentment and preference for inhabitants are incredibly high, high, and moderate.


Housing; Public Private Partnership; Private Housing; Abuja; Nigeria

Full Text:



Alabi, O. T., Kayode, S. J., Misbahu, A., & Olaifa, O. J. (2021). Effect of Physical Characteristics on Resident’s Satisfaction in a High-Density Area of Ilorin Metropolis. Path of Science, 7(9), 1001–1006. doi: 10.22178/pos.74-1

Amao, F. L. (2012). Housing quality in informal settlements and urban upgrading in Ibadan, Nigeria (A case study of Apete in Ibadan). Developing Country Studies, 2(10), 68–80.

Ambarwati, L., Verhaeghe, R., van Arem, B., & Pel, A. J. (2017). Assessment of transport performance index for urban transport development strategies – Incorporating residents' preferences. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 63, 107-115. doi: 10.1016/j.eiar.2016.10.004

Awodele, O. A. (2012). Framework for managing risk in privately financed market projects in Nigeria (Doctoral dissertation), Heriot-Watt University.

Ayedun, C. A., & Oluwatobi, A. O. (2011). Issues and challenges militating against the sustainability of affordable housing provision in Nigeria. Business Management Dynamics, 1(4), 1–8.

Babalola, D. O., Ibem, E. O., Olotuah, A. O., & Fulani, O. (2016). Residents’ perception of quality of public housing in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, 11(2), 583–598.

Balestra, C., & Sultan, J. (2013). Home Sweet Home: The Determinants of Residential Satisfaction and its Relation with Well-being. doi: 10.1787/5jzbcx0czc0x-en

Ball, M. (2017). Housing policy and economic power: the political economy of owner occupation. London: Routledge.

Biko, A. I., Musa, H. A., Muhammad, B. A., & Aliyu, A. M. (2022). Resident’s Satisfaction and Preferences in Housing Provision by Government and Private Partnership in Abuja. Path of Science, 8(6), 1019–1027. doi: 10.22178/pos.82-1

Chiwuzie, A., Dabara, D., Prince, E., Ajiboye, B., Olawuyi, S. (2020). Housing-Related Attributes and the Changing Structure of Preferences. African Journal of Built Environment Research, 4(1), 37–58.

Dalil, M., &Yamman, U. (2013). Private sector participation in the provision of urban services: an overview of housing supply in Minna, Niger state, Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(4), 51–58.

De Zoysa, S. H. M., Ridmika, K. I., Seneviratne, L. D. I. P., & Perera, B. A. K. S. (2021). Alterations’ impacts on sustainability of low-cost housing schemes in Sri Lanka: the occupants’ perspective. International Journal of Construction Management, 1–11. doi: 10.1080/15623599.2021.1943628

Ekpodessi, S. G. N., & Nakamura, H. (2018). Land use and management in Benin Republic: An evaluation of the effectiveness of Land Law 2013-01. Land Use Policy, 78, 61–69. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.06.025

Ibem, E. O. (2011). Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in Housing Provision in Lagos Megacity Region, Nigeria. International Journal of Housing Policy, 11(2), 133–154. doi: 10.1080/14616718.2011.573204

Jiboye, A. D. (2010). The correlates of public housing satisfaction in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 3(2), 17.

Jiboye, A. D. (2014). Significance of house-type as a determinant of residential quality in Osogbo, Southwest Nigeria. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 3(1), 20–27. doi: 10.1016/j.foar.2013.11.006

Johnson, C. (2011). Creating an enabling environment for reducing disaster risk: Recent experience of regulatory frameworks for land, planning and building in low and middle-income countries. Retrieved from,%202011.pdf

Kayode, S. J., Muhammad, M. S., & Bello, M. U. (2021). Effect of Socio-Economic Characteristics of Households on Housing Condition in Bauchi Metropolis, Bauchi State, Nigeria. Path of Science, 7(7), 2001–2013. doi: 10.22178/pos.72-6

Kayode, S., Jamiu, Ngozi Ifeanyi, U., & Temitope Komolafe, O. (2021). Housing Affordability among Civil Servants in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Review, 8(10), 383–390. doi: 10.52403/ijrr.20211051

Khanom, N. A. (2010). Conceptual issues in defining public private partnerships (PPPs). International Review of Business Research Papers, 6(2), 150–163.

Kim, J. (2017). Residential satisfaction of long-term public rental housing (Doctoral dissertation), KDI School.

Makinde, O. O. (2013). Housing delivery system, need and demand. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 16(1), 49–69. doi: 10.1007/s10668-013-9474-9

Martin, R. (2011). The local geographies of the financial crisis: from the housing bubble to economic recession and beyond. Journal of Economic Geography, 11(4), 587–618.

Mohit, M. A., Ibrahim, M., & Rashid, Y. R. (2010). Assessment of residential satisfaction in newly designed public low-cost housing in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Habitat International, 34(1), 18–27. doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2009.04.002

Muhammad, S., Aremu, R., & Akande, S. O. (2018). Comparative Assessment of Residential Satisfaction between Public and Private Housing Estates in Federal Capital City (FCC) Abuja, Nigeria. International Journal of Geography and Environmental Management, 4(3), 53–62.

Muhammad, Z., & Johar, F. (2018). Coping with Challenges of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for Housing Delivery in Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering &Technology, 7(2.29), 1097. doi: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.29.14320

Muhktar, B. A., (2010). Land accessibility and implications for housing development in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria (Doctoral dissertation), University of Sheffield.

Musa, H., Bello, M., & Kayode, S. (2021). Effect of Neighbourhood Characteristics on Resident's Satisfaction in Doya Area of Bauchi Metropolis. Path of Science, 7(4), 6001-6005. doi: 10.22178/pos.69-8

Ogun, T. P. (2010). Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction: Implications for Urban Development in Nigeria. Urban Forum, 21(3), 249–266. doi: 10.1007/s12132-010-9091-8

Oladokun, T. T., & Aluko, B. T. (2012). Public-private partnership in housing delivery in Lagos State, Nigeria. Retrieved from

Olatunbosun, A. J. (2018). A comparative analysis of residential quality of public and private estates in an urban centre of Lagos, Nigeria: A case study of Iba Estate in Ojo and Unity Estate in Alimosho. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 11(4), 46–60.

Olofa, S., & Nwosu, A. (2015). Investigating the problems associated with Public Private Partnership in the process of housing delivery in Nigeria. International Journal of Education and Research, 3(1), 123–130.

Olufemi, O. O., Ishiyaku, B., Salihu, M. M., & Kayode, S. J. (2021). Effect of Military Housing Condition on Housing Preference and Adequacy in Shadawanka Barrack Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science, 10(12), 01–06. doi: 10.51583/ijltemas.2021.101201

Saidu, A. I., & Yeom, C. (2020). Success Criteria Evaluation for a Sustainable and Affordable Housing Model: A Case for Improving Household Welfare in Nigeria Cities. Sustainability, 12(2), 656. doi: 10.3390/su12020656

Srivastava, M., & Rai, A. K. (2013). Investigating the mediating effect of customer satisfaction in the service quality-customer loyalty relationship. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction & Complaining Behavior, 26(3), 95–109.

Stone, M. E. (1993). Shelter Poverty: New Ideas on Housing Affordability. Temple University Press.

Thomsen, J., & Eikemo, T. A. (2010). Aspects of student housing satisfaction: a quantitative study. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 25(3), 273–293. doi: 10.1007/s10901-010-9188-3

Umoh, N. N. E. (2012). Exploring the enabling approach to housing through the Abuja mass housing scheme (Doctoral dissertation), Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Uwaezuoke, N. I., Sani, G. S., Igoche, F. O., Akaehomhen, O. N., & Sakariyau, J. K. (2022). Hedonic Modelling of Residential Rental Values in Ilorin Metropolis. International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science, 11(4), 01–09.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ojeniyi Sulaiman Adekunle, Oluwadare Joel Olaifa, Abubakar Idriss Mohammed, Aisha Ibrahim Biko, Rukayya Abdulrazak

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.