Increasing Children's Expressive Language Development through the Role-Playing Method
This study aims to improve children's expressive language skills by applying the group B role-playing method in Al-Hikmah Santong Kindergarten. This type of research is collaborative classroom action research, which consists of two cycles, each carried out in one meeting. The research procedure includes planning, implementing actions, observing and reflecting. The research subjects were all the children of group B in Al-Hikmah Santong Kindergarten, totalling 36 children. The data analysis used is descriptive qualitative, and quantitative. The results showed an increase in the expressive language skills of group B children in Al-Hikmah Santong Kindergarten. Increased expressive language skills are more emphasized in children's language, which includes expressive language indicators, namely expressing desires, feelings, and opinions in simple sentences in communicating with children or adults and expressing emotions and ideas with appropriate word choices when speaking. In the implementation of the pre-action, children's expressive language skills reached 37.5%, and the performance of the pre-action was still in the criteria of starting to develop. In cycle I, the implementation of the action increased by 55%, including the requirements for developing as expected. And the performance of Cycle II reached 93.8%, which showed the criteria for developing very well and achieved indicators of success. So the implementation of this research was stopped. Based on the study above, it can be concluded that the expressive language skills of group B children at Al-Hikmah Santong Kindergarten have increased through the application of the role-playing method.
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