Tendencies of Change of Socio-Political Lexicon in Persian and Azerbaijani Languages

Gunel Mazahir Orujova

Abstract

Socio-political terms exist in all world languages and are directly related to the socio-political structure of each country. The words related to statehood, religion and political system were mentioned in sources associated with the ancient period of Persian and Azerbaijani languages. In the article, among such sources, "The Book of Dede-Gorgud", Orkhon-Yenisei" on Turkic languages, and the samples selected from the work "Shahnameh" on Persian are analyzed by the historical-comparative method.

When studying terms related to religion, it should be investigated in more detail whether these terms correctly reflect events in the socio-political life of the country they belong to, as they are subject to purposeful interventions in several cases. Considering Manichaean, Islam, Sufism and other religious directions, which are thought to be related to Zoroastrianism and Zoroastrianism in Iran, this picture is further complicated.

In the article, medieval Persian dictionaries were also reviewed among the sources related to the Middle Ages. It was noted that words related to almost all areas of social life are included in them. The social and political situation after the Iranian Islamic Revolution and the terms that were created in connection with this situation is considered in the history of Iran. The article also contains information about using borrowed words in both languages' social and political fields. Then the place of the terms in the form of abbreviations in the speech was analyzed. In the article, the data gives grounds to say that as a result of any historical event, the most profitable sphere is linguistics. So, although the changes in other areas cause stagnation and decline in some instances, linguistics is enriched with new words. Political linguistics is also included, and the rising line of political discourse during World War I can serve as an example.



Keywords


socio-political terms; Azerbaijanian language; historical-comparative method; Persian language; religious terms; middle ages sources; statehood; Iranian sources

Full Text:

PDF


References


Adilоv, M. (1986). Müasir Azərbaycan dilində abbreviasiya [Abbreviation in modern Azerbaijani language] (Doctoral thesis). Bakı: n. d. (in Azerbaijani)

Gerami, S. M. (2020). The Socio-Political Aspect of Religious Terminologies in Medieval Iran: The Case of “Akhbārī-uṣūlī” in Kitāb al-Naqḍ Written by ʿAbd al-Jalīl Qazwīnī Rāzī. The Quarterly Journal of Iranian Islamic Period History, 12(27), 21–39. doi: 10.22034/jiiph.2021.13646

Konuksever, S. (2016). Çin’e ait imge ve motiflerin Şehnâme’ye göre tahlili [Analysis of Chinese images and motifs according to Shahnâme]. Doghu arashtirmalari, 16, 101–112 (in Azerbaijani)

Marshall G. A. (2009). The dictionary of Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nowruzi M. (2005). Farhange Jamee Logat ve Estelahate Siyasi (The dictionary of social terms, English – Persian). Tehran: Ney press.

Orujova, G. (2021, April 9). Defining ways of Turkic elements in medieval Persian dictionaries. Retrieved from https://concall.indiana.edu/schedule.html

Tahereh A. (2008). Iran Islam Cmhuriyetinde planlama [Planning in the republic of Iran]. N. d. (in Azerbaijani)

Zeynalov, F., & Alizadeh, S., (1988). Kitab-i Dede Gorgud [Kitab-i Dada Gorgud]. Bakı: Yazıçı (in Azerbaijani)


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Gunel Mazahir Orujova

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.