Ntb’s Potential as a Sorghum Producer for Alternative Food and Export Commodities

Barli Halim, Muhammad Iqbal Atmayadi, Suwardji Suwardji

Abstract

The area of sorghum planted in NTB Province is currently around 650 ha, with details of Bima Regency covering 250 ha, Bima City covering 250 ha, Sumbawa Regency covering 150 ha and West Sumbawa Regency 10 Ha (Kementan RI, 2021). Participation of farmers in sorghum farming, farmers tend to cultivate without tillage and intensive care. The level of technology adoption tends to be low, and Government support for sorghum cultivation is also standard. The Regional Government focuses on rice and corn cultivation through the Central Government program. In the end, low public perception of sorghum cultivation was formed. The cultivation of Sorghum in NTB aims to improve farmers' welfare by cultivating alternative food crops with high economic value, becoming one of the alternative food crops and also a leading export commodity. The method used in this study is through a literature study of several scientific articles, national and international journals and other sources, which were analyzed descriptively. Based on the results of this literature review, the development of Sorghum in NTB with a relatively wide dry land condition can potentially make NTB one of the producers of sorghum with export quality. This condition is supported by the Astra Prosperous Village Program, which has exported several processed sorghum products to various countries. Several countries, such as Timor Leste and Malaysia with a total export value of hundreds of millions of rupiah. The limited use of land for sorghum development is an obstacle and a challenge for sorghum productivity in NTB.



Keywords


sorghum; alternative food; export commodity

Full Text:

PDF


References


Suswono. (2011, October 27). The Indonesian Food Security in the Perspective of Global Economy and National Sovereignty. The Future of Global Food Security and Safety: Issues and Justification. IPB International Convention Center, Bogor.

Irawan, B., & Sutrisna, N. (2011). Prospek Pengembangan Sorgum di Jawa Barat Mendukung Diversifikasi Pangan [Prospects for Sorghum Development in West Java Supporting Food Diversification]. Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 29(2), 99–113. doi: 10.21082/fae.v29n2.2011.99-113 (in Indonesian).

Irawan, F. Y., Al’Jumiati, W. O., Pasau, C., Asminaya, N. S., & Nurlaha. (2022). Potential Development of Sorghum Plants (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as Alternative Animal Feed in South Konawe Regency. Proceedings of the International Conference on Improving Tropical Animal Production for Food Security (ITAPS 2021). doi: 10.2991/absr.k.220309.064

Sirappa, M. P. (2003). Prospects of developing Sorghum in Indonesia as an alternative commodity for food, feed, and industry. Journal of Agricultural Research and Development, 22(4), 133–140.

Gunawan, S., Sijid, S., & Hafsan. (2017, November 10). Sorghum for Indonesia's Food Self-Sufficiency (A Review). Biology for Life Gowa. UIN Alauddin Makassar.

Mahyuddin, S., Hermanto., Saptana., Sri, W., Arief, D., Sumarno., Djoko, S. D. (2013). Sorgum: inovasi teknologi dan pengembangan [Sorghum: Technological Innovation and Development). Jakarta: IAARD Press (in Indonesian).

Suwardji. (2011). Peranan Legum Penutup Tanah Tropis dalam Meningkatkan Simpanan Karbon Organik dan Kualitas Tanah serta Hasil Jagung (Zea mays L.) di Lahan Kering [The Role of Tropical Ground Cover Legumes in Enhancing Organic Carbon Storage and Soil Quality and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) in Drylands]. Bali: Universitas Udayana (in Indonesian).

Murdaningsih, M., & Uran, A. F. G. (2021). Kajian Agronomi Potensi Pengembangan Tanaman Sorgum Varietas Numbu di Kabupaten Ende [Agronomic Assessment of Potential Development of Numbu Sorghum Variety in Ende Regency]. Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian, 17(1), 23–27. doi: 10.30598/jbdp.2021.17.1.23 (in Indonesian).

Siregar, N., Irmansyah, T., Mariati, M. (2016). The Growth and Yield of Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) on the Mulch Treatments and Organic Matter. Journal of Agroecotechnology, 4(3), 2188–2195 (in Indonesian).

Irmansyah, T. (2020). Budidaya Tanaman Sorgum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ) di Lahan Kritis Kabupaten Aceh Besar dengan Input Mulsa dan Pupuk Organik [Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) Cultivation on Critical Land in Aceh Besar District with Mulch and Organic Fertiliser Input] (Doctoral thesis). Retrieved from http://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/24612 (in Indonesian).

Adisarwanto, T. (2002). Increasing Peanut Production in Rice Fields and Dry Lands. Jakarta: Self-Help Spreader.

Ma'shum, M., 2013. Understanding Problems and Efforts to Overcome Barriers to Dry Land Productivity. In The Professor's Book. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mataram.

Sri, H. S., & Handewi, P. S. (2016). Perdagangan Sorgum di Pasar Dunia dan Asia serta Prospek Pengembangannya di Indonesia [Sorghum Trade in World and Asian Markets and Prospects of Its Development in Indonesia]. Retrieved from http://balitsereal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/srihandewi.pdf (in Indonesian).

Rahmawati, D. (2020). Tanggapan Tanaman Sorgum (Sorghum Vulgarepers.) Terhadap Cekaman Naci: Pertumbuhan Dan Osmoregulasi [Responses of Sorghum (Sorghum Vulgarepers.) Plants to Naci Stress: Growth and Osmoregulation]. Retrieved from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Tanggapan-Tanaman-Sorgum-(Sorghum-Vulgarepers.)-Dan-Rachmawati/14f3367ec724e9e937dbdd8f9103886a13bc0be3 (in Indonesian).

IER-ICRISAT. (2004). Guinea-race Sorghum Hybrids. Bringing the benefits of hybrid technology to a staple crop in Africa. Retrieved from http://oar.icrisat.org/5672/1/Guinea_Sorghum_2009.pdf

Borrell, A., Oosterom, E., Hammer, G., Jordan, D., & Douglas, A. (2005). The physiology of “stay-green” in sorghum. Retrieved from http://agronomyaustraliaproceedings.org/images/sampledata/2003/c/1/borrell.pdf

Kusuma, F. (2022, January 22). Kemendag Lepas Ekspor Sorgum Produk Unggulan Desa NTB Senilai Rp700 Juta [Ministry of Trade Releases Sorghum Export of NTB Village Products Worth Rp700 Million]. Retrieved from https://www.suarasurabaya.net/ekonomibisnis/2022/kemendag-lepas-ekspor-sorgum-produk-unggulan-desa-ntb-senilai-rp700-juta/ (in Indonesian).

Syafruddin, M., Harisudin., Widiyanti, E. (2015). Strategi Pengembangan Sorgum Di Kabupaten Wonogiri [Sorghum Development Strategy in Wonogiri Regency]. SEPA, 12(1), 70–81 (in Indonesian).

Suarni. (2004). Pemanfaatan Tepung Sorgum untuk Produk Olahan [Utilization of Sorghum Flour for Processed Products]. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 23(4), 145–149 (in Indonesian).

Herdiansyah, E., Kusnanto, T., & Hadipurwanta, J. (2021). Mengenal tanaman sorgum [Getting to know the sorghum plant]. Retrieved from http://cybex.pertanian.go.id/detail-pdf.php?id=17018 (in Indonesian).


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Barli Halim, Muhammad Iqbal Atmayadi, Suwardji

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.