Historical and Literary Aspects of Research of A. Averchenko’s Creativity

Yurii Holoborodko

Abstract

The article studies the main characteristics of A. Averchenko as a writer in the pre-revolutionary, post-revolutionary and emigration periods of his creativity, which was initially divided into journalistic feuilletons and two groups of humorous stories – every day with common life situations and works with grotesque and paradoxical plots. In later works during his emigration, the writer became a master of satire and humour at the European level. It is established that many of his works created in exile reached the level of world classics or were innovative in genre and style.

The article defines A. Averchenko’s creative activity – organizational (as an editor and administrator of «Satyricon» and «New Satyricon»), literary (as a prolific author of humorous/satirical stories) and theatrical (as a director, screenwriter and actor of theatres «The House of Artist» and «The Nest of Migratory Birds»). It was found that the writer had a humorous attitude to life, including ridicule of his shortcomings. He is best characterized through public communication – his interviews, speeches, and private correspondence.

It is concluded that the artist’s activity satisfied his vital need not only to be at the forefront of creative development of Russian and European literature but also to create a team of like-minded, talented authors, provide a fruitful atmosphere of creative work, fight censors, arrange financial success of print or theatre, as well as to conduct journalistic activities, to be a master of the feuilleton, who keeps his hand on the pulse of political events in the country and abroad, has observation and analytical skills.



Keywords


A. Averchenko; writer; satire; humor; emigration; stories; feuilleton



References


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