Prevalence of Ticks on Camels and Cattle Brought to Dodoru Market Kebbi State, Nigeria
Dodoru Market is popular for its weekly Market day in Kebbi State, Nigeria. People converge at the market every Monday from various places to buy or sell. Survey of ticks on camels and cattle brought to Dodoru Market for sale was conducted. The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of camel and cattle ticks. A total of 90 animals (40 camels and 50 cattle) were examined. Five tick species were identified and prevalence was evaluated. Results revealed that 32 of the camels were infected with the prevalence of 35.6% and cattle were also infested with 44.4 % prevalence. Boophilus decoloratus has the highest prevalence of 29.1 % in both camels and cattle. Thigh and abdomen were more susceptible to ticks species with the prevalence of 37.7 %. The survey also shows that cattle were more infested than camels and thigh/abdomen was observed to be the most preferred locations for ticks in both camels and cattle.
1. Abebe, R., Fantahun, T., Abera, M., & Bekele, J. (2010). Survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting cattle in two districts of Somali Regional State, Ethiopia. Veterinary World, 3(12), 539–543.
2. Branscheid, W., & Schroer, C. (1997). Damage to cattle hides, detection, frequency and economic importance. Fleischwirtschaft, 77, 333–337.
3. James-Rugu, N., & Jidayi, S. (2004). A survey on the ectoparasites of some livestock from some areas of Borno and Yobe States. Nigerian Veterinary Journal, 25(2), 48–55.
4. Kocan, K. M. (1995). Targeting ticks for control of selected hemoparasitic diseases of cattle. Veterinary Parasitology, 57(1–3), 121–151.
5. Moghaddam, A. G., Seyed, M. R., Rasouli, M., Hosseinzade, S., Darvishi, M. M., Rakhshanpour, A., & Rahimi, M. T. (2014). Survey on cattle ticks in Nur, north of Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 4(3), 209–212.
6. Mohammed, M. S., & Hassan, S. M. (2007). Distribution and population dynamics of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting sheep in Sennar State, Sudan. Onderstepoort J Vet Res, 74(4), 301–306.
7. Obadiah, H., & Shekaro, A. (2012). Survey of Tick Infestation in Cattle in Zaria Abattoir, Nigeria. Journal of Veterinary Advances, 2(2), 81–87.
8. Opara, M., Nwaobasi, J., & Okoli, I. (2006). Occurrence of parasitic helminths among small ruminants reared under traditional husbandry system in Owerri, South East Nigeria. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 53(4), 226–233.
9. Pegram, G., & Higgins, S. (1992). Camel Ectoparasites. Proceedings of 1st international Camel Conference, 69–78.
10. Shemshad, K., Rafinejad, J., Kamali, K., Piazak, N., Sedaghat, M. M., Shemshad, M., … Enayati, A. A. (2011). Species diversity and geographic distribution of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodoidea: Ixodidae) infesting domestic ruminants, in Qazvin Province, Iran. Parasitology Research, 110(1), 373–380.
11. USAID. (2008). Nigeria Food Security Outlook. Famine Early Warning Systems Network, October–December 2008. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/495BC9951EF7C9C0492574DC0004E99A-Full_Report.pdf
12. Walker, A. R., Bouattour, A., Camicas, J. L., Estrada-Pena, A., Horak, I. G., Latif, A. A., Pegram R. G. & Preston, P. M. (2003). Ticks of Domestic Animals in Africa: a Guide to Identification of Species. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh.
13. Wall, R., & Shearer, D. (Eds.). (2001). Veterinary Ectoparasites: Biology, Pathology and Control.
14. Yagil, R. (1988). Endocrine involvement in adaptation to heat and desiccation. Experimental.Clinical Endocrinology. 7, 131–137.
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Yahaya Muhammad Abdullahi, Ibrahim Muhammad Magami, Ahmed Audu, Muhammad Murtala Mainasara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.